Calorific adequacy during pregnancy
Most of women after pregnancy wish to revert back to their usual body weight before conception, following for that purpose a very rigorous diet. However, during breastfeeding, a daily calorie intake of at least 200 calories above the regular calorie intake is required compared to the requirements of a non lactating woman. For this reason, milk production is dependent upon the mother's energy intake.
1st stage milks:
Moreover, if breastfeeding lasts for more than 3 months or if the lactating woman's body weight drops below the ideal one for her height, then food-derived energy intake should be accordingly increased. The same happens if the lactating woman breastfeeds more than one infant, as in the case of twins. It is, therefore, recommended during breastfeeding not to aim at body weight loss of more than 2 kilos per month because this will probably result in less milk production.
Diets lower than 1300kcal could negatively affect both milk production and its composition. They should therefore be discouraged.
• Concerning the quality and the quantity of the proteins they are adjusted to breast milk proteins
• Contain nucleotides which have been proven to strengthen the infant’s immune system
• Are digestible and absorbable by the baby’s digestive system due to their lactose content
• Many of them contain pre-biotics or pro-biotics contributing to the intestinal flora balance and to the strengthening of the immune system
• Are enriched with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (linoleic, a-linoleic acid), LC-PUFA (arachidonic acid (AA), Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) contributing to the brain's proper development and the baby's vision
During the first six months of its life, your little baby should be fed exclusively with milk.
As of the 6th month onwards, the baby has increased needs in calcium, iron and minerals and other types of food should be introduced.Nevertheless, during the 2nd stage, milk is still playing a decisive role in your baby’s nutrition, whether administered by your breast or with the feeding bottle as powdered formula. Weaning (6-12 months). Until the 6th month of age, breast milk in itself or in combination with a 1st infant age formula is sufficient to cover your baby's nutritional needs. After the 6th month of age, your baby’s increasing needs in energy and nutrients are different and the exclusive feeding with milk cannot fully cover these needs for a healthy development. After the 6th month of a baby’s life, the requirements in iron, calcium and vitamins constantly increase.
Therefore, weaning serves various needs such as:
• Coverage of increased energy requirements that would ensure its smooth development
• Tasting of new types of food, of different texture, taste and flavor.
• Facilitating functions such as chewing and swallowing.
Before the age of 5 - 6 months, babies are in no position to have the required control and coordination of the tongue and mouth muscles. Such acts are necessary for chewing and swallowing. For all above reasons, additional types of food should be added to the baby’s nutrition.
With your physician’s consent, you could add:
• From the 6th – 7th month: Rice flour,cream, Vegetables (such as carrot, potato, courgette, celery),Fruit (such as apple, pear, orange, banana), Other cereals, Chicken, meat.
• From the 8th – 12th month: Other soft food, such as pasta, cheese, yoghurt, beans.
• From the 12th month: Other food.