- What is the recommended sleep position for babies?
Although specialists have diverging views as to the absolutely correct position of neonates and babies, they do however agree that the prone position should be avoided when the baby sleeps unattended. Placing the baby on the prone position has been abandoned in the last 20 years, following an extended campaign as it is blamed as one of the most important causes for the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome-SIDS. The frequency of this syndrome has been mitigated ever since babies do not fall prone for sleep. The babies' sleep in supine position on a relatively flat and firm mattress is suggested by the American Academy of Pediatrics to avoid as much as possible the sudden death syndrome. Side position can be applied by using a wedge in a relatively firm mattress.
- What is the recommended breastfeeding position?
A quiet environment is required during breastfeeding. Make sure you sit comfortably. If you are not using an armchair, put pillows under your elbows. If you had a caesarian section, place the neonate on your side on the pillow to avoid contact with the sensitive section point. During breastfeeding, the entire baby's body and not only its face should be turned towards facing the breast's side. Your legs should not be suspended. During breastfeeding, you should allow the air to flow freely from the baby's nostrils, removing that part of the breast obstructing the nostrils.
- Can I do something for colic?
Infantile colic is internationally defined as episodes of unexplained and intense crying in healthy and normally developing babies lasting at least three hours per day, for more than three days a week, at least for three weeks. Colic pains appear during the first 3-4 months of life and unfortunately the causes are unknown.
Breastfeeding, a balanced diet of the mother, a quiet environment and a massage on the baby’s belly can help.
In case of babies presenting colic pains while feeding on formulas and in case the pediatrician ascertains gastroenterological disorders, such as Gastroesophageal reflux, constipation, intolerance to lactose or cow’s milk protein intolerance, powdered milk specially modified to treat colic pains can be chosen following medical advice.
- How to burp your baby
A burp is caused by swallowing air (aerophagy) during food intake. Babies usually accumulate air while feeding and therefore should be helped to burp, i.e to take the air out of the stomach and then continue their feeding session. At the end of each feeding session, it is always useful to help babies burp, before putting them to sleep. There are many positions that could help the baby burp. The most usual one is to put the baby on the adult’s shoulder with the baby's stomach on the adult’s chest. Gently pat your baby’s back until it burps. It is not necessary to burp after every feeding session. Therefore, if 5-10 minutes pass without a burp, you can put the baby to the bassinet.
- Breastfeeding and caffeine
Avoid drinking coffee during the entire breastfeeding period. Caffeine passes through breastfeeding to your baby's body causing irritation. If you definitely need to drink coffee, then do so immediately after breastfeeding, so that your body has the time to eliminate the largest quantity of caffeine until the next breastfeeding.